02 Feb What are the Causes behind the Dental Bone Loss?
When it comes to the causes of dental bone loss, there are different factors which may contribute to this medical condition. Teeth bone loss has to do with the damage that occurs to the bone of the jaw which surrounds the teeth or the roots. Bones are biologically active and sensitive; therefore, they are susceptible to conditions that have negative impacts on them. In this article, we’d like to share with you the major factors that lead to bone loss: osteoporosis, periodontal disease, poor diet, trauma and jaw joint misalignment (TMJ disorder).
Loss of Bone Due to Osteoporosis
Most people usually associate bone loss with osteoporosis, which is a medical condition that brings about a reduction in the density of the bones of the body as well as the jaw bones. Osteoporosis usually shows on X-rays, so the person in the best position to easily detect the presence of the disease is a dentist.
Bone Loss Due to Periodontal Disease
Infections are usually the major cause of teeth bone loss which may involve the infection in the nerve of the teeth roots or infections of the gums.
Characteristically, gum infections are usually present for several months or years and this could lead to bone loss in the region of the infected tooth or set of teeth. Nearly all gum infections are unproblematic, and as a result, can be overlooked by most people even when it causes bad breath, bleeding and tarter. This is disastrous because the immune system is stressed as a result of the presence of the germs that cause gum infections as these germs can spread easily through open blood vessels present in the infected gums to other areas of the body.
To save the teeth as well as the bone, periodontal therapy which may also include laser treatment and polishing of the root may be necessary. Sometimes, the bone may regenerate, but the earlier you address the problem, the easier it is to treat.
Loss of Bone By Reason of Poor Diet
Insufficient amount of calcium and vitamin D may lead to weaken bones.
When a person does not consume foods with sufficient calcium content, there is a high probability of such a person to develop osteoporosis. Broken bones usually result from low intake of calcium diets, bone loss and low bone mass.
The human body needs a lot of vitamin D to be able to effectively absorb calcium from calcium-rich diets. Without vitamin D, it will be impossible for the body to take in calcium from foods that people consume. When the body becomes deficient in calcium as a result of its inability to absorb it from food, the body begins to use up the calcium that is stored in the bones, thus leading to weak bones and bone loss.
Loss of Bone As A Result of Trauma
Trauma is known to also bring about loss of dental bone. This issue is noticeable and therefore can be treated with immediate effect. This is not usually the case with other cases of bone loss.
Loss of Bone As a Result of TMJ Disorder
TMJ disorder is a medical condition in which the joint of the lower jaw does not fit properly into its socket, thus creating a lopsided pressure on the teeth. Even if the discrepancy is slight, the pressure might be unnoticeably sever and can lead to bone loss or worn out teeth. Most times, people hardly notice how hard they ground their teeth throughout the day or during the night. A majority of these people who may not be experiencing symptoms related to TMJ or jaw pain don’t notice that there is slight irregularity with the upper and lower jaw. Therefore, if you have undergone a medical checkup for periodontal disease and don’t experience any trauma, then there is a high probability that TMD is the reason why you are losing your bones or have cranked crowns as well as worn out teeth.